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Opioid Dealers Embrace the Dark Web to Send Deadly Drugs by Mail

In late February, a man in South Carolina was accused of receiving more than three kilograms of fentanyl ordered on the dark net — or enough to kill 1.5 million adults, given that just two milligrams is a lethal dose.
A few weeks later in New Jersey, authorities arrested Chukwuemeka Okparaeke, who allegedly went by the screen name of Fentmaster on AlphaBay. He had received two kilograms of fentanyl from an address in Hong Kong, according to a criminal complaint.
Then in April, a Cleveland man, Alec Steinberger, 21, was arrested and accused of receiving a package of furanyl fentanyl that he was preparing to sell on the streets. He is said to have texted a 19-year-old who was helping him distribute the drugs to warn about their strength.
“Bro I did it last night any my pupils got so small they disappeared and then I was nodding for 18 hrs,” the text said, according to the indictment.
When the 19-year-old tried the drugs, he overdosed and died.
Mr. Okparaeke, Mr. Steinberger and Mr. Shamo have all pleaded not guilty. Lawyers for the men had no comment on their cases.
Law enforcement officials investigating these cases say that public documents underrepresent the number of cases involving the dark web because many court documents don’t mention the online sources of the drugs.
And many cases — including the death last year of the musician Prince from a fentanyl overdose — are still being investigated because of the relatively recent advent of the phenomenon.
“It has come to play a key role in the overdose crisis,” said Tim Plancon, who oversees the Drug Enforcement Administration in Kentucky, Michigan and Ohio, states at the epicenter of the overdose crisis. “It’s expanded beyond just your traditional drug smuggling and trafficking. There is just a lot more involved with it when you are dealing with folks on the dark web with virtual currencies.”
The United States is not the only country dealing with an influx of mail-order synthetic opioids. Canada and several European countries have also made recent arrests of suspects accused of being major online drug dealers responsible for multiple deaths.
But the numbers are particularly staggering in America. In 2015, the last year for which national data is available, fentanyl and similar drugs killed 9,580 people, or 73 percent more than 2014. The number of deaths rose even faster last year in areas that have released figures, such as Ohio and New Hampshire. Over all, deaths from drug overdoses are soaring in the United States, and most likely exceeded 59,000 last year.
Authorities say that most of the illicit supply of synthetic opioids is produced in labs in Asia and especially China, where many of the precursor chemicals are either legal or easier to procure.
Latin American drug cartels are also getting synthetic opioids from Asia and moving them into the United States. But the operational ease of sending the drugs through the mail gives the method obvious appeal for Chinese producers, many of whom are technologically skilled enough to set up their own dark web shops.
One of the most frequently reviewed vendors of synthetic opioids on AlphaBay goes by the screen name BenzoChems. The vendor has shared online videos of his operations in China.
In a series of messages exchanged on AlphaBay’s internal messaging system, BenzoChems, who declined to provide his real name, said he had found that routing packages through Hong Kong, and then through the United States Postal Service, was the most efficient method of transit.
Some Chinese producers also list synthetic opioids for sale on websites on the ordinary internet, without requiring users to navigate to them through a special dark web browser. But most of the recent criminal complaints in the United States appear to involve drugs procured through markets that exist only on the dark web.
BenzoChems said that he had sold his products on ordinary websites, but those sites were quickly shut down by the authorities.
Dark web technology was originally developed by American intelligence agencies to allow for encrypted communication. News organizations, including The New York Times, use it to receive story tips from vulnerable sources.
But the illicit markets enabled by the dark web have made stopping the flow of deadly drugs much more complicated than it was when the authorities were trying to stop earlier waves of drug overdoses.
“We could give you a pretty good idea of the drug traffickers in town who can order kilos from Mexico — that’s a known commodity,” said Joseph M. Pinjuh, the chief of the organized crime task force in the United States attorney’s office in Cleveland. “What’s harder to track is the person ordering this from his grandmother’s basement.”
Lawmakers have tried to attack the problem by introducing legislation in Congress that would tighten the requirements on information gathered by the Postal Service. Last month, at a Senate hearing on the problem, Postal Service officials said they were working to collect information on more packages coming from China.
In recent months, though, the number of listings for fentanyl on AlphaBay and other dark web sites has been rising steadily.
Ms. Haun, the former federal prosecutor in San Francisco, said the tools that enabled dark web commerce made it very unlikely that the expanding traffic would be curtailed anytime soon.
“It’s only going to increase, and increase the types of communities and markets that might not have had as easy access to it before,” she said.
Continue reading the main story 

10 months ago, Univision bought Gawker in a fire sale, and it's been messy ever since

Gizmodo 4x3RJI Futures Lab; Skye Gould/Business Insider
The man tasked with overseeing Gizmodo Media Group after the demise of Gawker.com says he never regularly read the site in the first place.
"I'm well past the demographic they were aiming for," CEO Raju Narisetti said in an interview. "If you ask me if it was a place I spent a lot of time on on a daily basis, the answer is no."
Narisetti is leading GMG through the media company's merger with Fusion Media Group, which is owned by the Spanish-language juggernaut Univision. According to the CEO, the transition has been a success.
But conversations with over a dozen current and former employees painted a starkly different picture.
Since the deal, the six former Gawker Media sites — Gizmodo, Jezebel, Deadspin, Kotaku, Jalopnik, and Lifehacker — have struggled with indecision, a dysfunctional bureaucracy, and an exodus of top leadership and institutional knowledge that gave Gawker Media its editorial bite.
Mergers have a tendency to be messy, and Gawker Media's entry into Univision's portfolio is far from the most troubled media acquisition in recent history.
News Corp. bungled its mid-2000s takeover of Myspace after failing to cater to the social-media platform's users and trying to monetize the site too quickly, for example, while the 2000 merger of then newspaper giants Tribune Media and Times Mirror Co. generated massive turnover at the company, public infighting among shareholders, and eventually bankruptcy. Then there's the infamous AOL-Time Warner deal, and AOL's current complicated merger with Yahoo.
Still, many GMG staffers wonder what will remain of the clever, fearless attitude that defined the sites for millions of readers and set the tone for much of the independent web.
"A lot of people who made Gawker Media what it was have either left or been so beaten down that the company it used to be doesn't exist anymore," one GMG employee said.
"Some of the Gawker ethos is sort of showing up in the publications that people have dispersed to, but it's never going to be the same. Univision claimed that they wanted to buy Gawker because they believe in 'fearless journalism,' but every decision they've made seems to be an effort to either water the Gawker spirit down as much as possible or just bolster Fusion TV in some way."
A 'pretty good,' 'challenging' year
Univision bought Gawker Media last August in a fire sale. It shuttered the iconic Gawker.com, which was viewed as toxic after a court ordered Gawker Media to pay Terry Bollea — aka Hulk Hogan — $140 million for publishing a sex tape featuring the wrestler. The lawsuit was secretly funded by Peter Thiel, the early Facebook investor and board member who was publicly outed by the publication as gay years earlier.
Fusion Univision newsroomThe large newsroom for Univision and Fusion networks is shown during opening ceremonies in Doral, Florida, 2013. REUTERS/Joe Skipper
The company bought Gawker Media, which it renamed Gizmodo Media Group, with the hope of broadening the audience to become the voice and reflection of an increasingly diverse young America, with a slightly less intense editorial focus on the trademark skepticism and disdain for powerful interests.
Now, several months into the merger, Narisetti said that contrary to the "conventional wisdom," data shows it's been a "pretty good" few months since the six sites were bought by Univision and joined with Fusion.net and The Root.
The CEO, who joined GMG in October from News Corp., rattled off top-line statistics that showed a company growing after a tumultuous multiyear legal battle with Hogan that took the company from a $250 million valuation to bankruptcy.
Narisetti said last week that even after he had hired 53 new full-time staffers across the websites, the company remained under budget and on target to experience a 30% increase in revenue across the sites in one year.
Traffic to the sites has remained steady at about 90 million monthly unique visitors since he took over in October, certainly an accomplishment considering Fusion's notoriously poor online traffic and the loss of the 15 million to 16 million monthly uniques that Gawker's flagship website generated.
Other Fusion Media Group sites that were integrated into the GMG portfolio have thrived. Since transitioning over to GMG's Kinja publishing platform in January, the African-American digital magazine The Root has 35% more uniques each month than it did in the same months last year.
Narisetti's longer-term goal is to turn the network of sites into a publication catering to a diverse, young America of the future. By 2028, Narisetti said, "a majority of young Americans will be nonwhite."
"Our view is," he added, "while there are a lot of go-to brands for Americans today, there aren't a lot of go-to brands for what is going to be a much more diverse young America."
But he acknowledges it hasn't always been easy to execute that vision.
"At an all-hands I joked, 'I've never lost more sleep and gained more weight in the same period,'" Narisetti said. "It's been a great and a challenging year."
For many GMG employees, "challenging" is an understated description of the past several months.
The Gawker ethos is fading
Conversations with more than a dozen current and former staffers over the past several weeks detailed a difficult integration that has chipped away the spirit and ethos of Gawker Media, founded 14 years ago by Nick Denton as two blogs covering media and tech gossip, which eventually evolved into the fiercely independent, proudly standoffish, endlessly navel-gazing media company targeted by Thiel and Hogan.
Staffers say they felt initial relief after Univision beat out the media company Ziff Davis to buy GMG out of bankruptcy for $135 million. But now the environment is, as one employee put it, "toxic," and as downcast as it was during some of the Hogan trial.
"Every day, morale got worse because it felt like Univision was determined to stamp out all the great things about working at Gawker Media," one former GMG staffer told Business Insider. "They had no interest in maintaining our editorial philosophy, having a functioning HR department, or retaining key talent."
In the nine months since the acquisition, the company formerly known as Gawker Media has seen an exodus of top talent and leadership.
Heather Dietrick, the president of Gawker Media and then of GMG, left in May for The Daily Beast. The editorial team's second-in-command, deputy executive editor Lacey Donohue, left in late 2016 and was followed by the executive managing editor, Katie Drummond, in March. Matt Hardigree left the company in May after working as the editor of Jalopnik and partnerships. High-profile reporters like Christina Warren and Ashley Feinberg have also left the company in recent weeks.
Gizmodo quote 2Business Insider
The heads of the human-resources and legal departments, both figures with outsize power and importance at the formerly independent, freewheeling company, also departed in the early months of the acquisition.
Business Insider has counted the resignations of at least 26 former Gawker Media employees since the merger, many of them in editorial-leadership positions.
GMG's women in leadership
After years of questions about its own relationship with female leaders at the company, the final iteration of Gawker Media was one with women in the most senior roles in the company, a source of pride and loyalty for many staffers.
But months later, with top leaders departing, some employees wonder whether the company is doing enough to persuade respected female leaders to remain, and if the company will suffer from the talent and leadership losses its already experienced.
"People are really worried about this," one GMG employee said. "Just since Katie left, we've lost our president, our top video journalist, and our best reporter, and that's after a big all-hands meeting where people were really clear about how alarming the pattern was.
"There are women being promoted or hired into positions of power, and I'm sure there will be more, but even if the higher-ups do all the right things from now on, it's not like you can really fix it, because you've lost so many of the people who made the place what it was at its best."
As WWD reported, after Drummond's departure in March, the editorial union wrote a strongly worded letter to management criticizing the loss of top female leaders.
"We were extremely alarmed to hear that Katie Drummond will not become executive editor and instead leave Gizmodo Media," the letter said.
"It continues a disturbing pattern of top management's failure to retain women in positions of authority, and raises serious concerns about the company's commitment to honor its contractual obligation to editorial independence. Further, it is yet another sign that Univision still has not found a way to manage the successful independent media company it acquired months ago."
Drummond's departure remains a source of tension.
According to multiple sources familiar with the situation, Drummond was paid significantly less than the company’s previous top editor, John Cook, while essentially filling in for him for several months without a title change. And when she was offered the title of executive editor, the sources say, Drummond was told it was "rude" to ask for a raise.
Narisetti told Business Insider that although he would not discuss private discussions of compensation, the characterization was inaccurate, as Drummond was assisted by the newly created role of deputy executive managing editor specifically created to support her while the company mulled who would fill the executive editor position that would oversee now eight sites, including The Root and Fusion.
Gizmodo quote 1Business Insider
At the same time, two sources said, Dietrick "was almost completely sidelined" by management after the acquisition late last year, as Narisetti and others assumed many of her previous responsibilities.
Narisetti dismissed charges that GMG's struggle to retain women in top roles was a cultural problem at the company.
Though he said he was "not minimizing" the effect many top women like Dietrick and Drummond had during the past several years, he pointed out that GMG's editorial leadership remained slightly more female than male, and he emphasized he was not "going to play defense on it."
"Our ​track record ​and actual data ​on compensation, raises, promotions, diversity​,​ as well as our ability to attract and retain employees​ who ​want to​ ​stay dedicated to the impactful journalism being done ​every day a​cross​ GMG​, more than ​speaks for itself," Narisetti said in a statement.
"I'm more concerned about my character than my reputation, because my character is who I am and my reputation is what others think I am," he said previously. "One is permanent, and one is changeable based on people's views. I have no doubt that we've lost some people and no less and no more than a lot of companies do in the first year of an acquisition and a merger and an integration."
'An unexpectedly bumpy transition'
Beyond struggling with holding together the former Gawker editorial team and mission, Univision also lost the confidence of many employees with basic operational issues that surfaced while it tried to integrate its new acquisition.
Numerous bureaucratic problems became almost immediately apparent, making the formerly nimble independent company feel like a dysfunctional cog in a massive, sluggish machine. For example, employees say Univision's teams responded slowly or were unresponsive to significant payroll and benefits problems that roiled the company for months.
The company delayed annual raises, they continued, and multiple staffers received accidental notes that stated other employees' salaries. According to two sources with direct knowledge of the incident, one GMG editorial staffer was accidentally sent a list of individual salaries for the entire editorial union, amounting to hundreds of people. In it, the person discovered that a peer in the editorial staff was being paid more than $400,000, a significantly higher number than most of the newsroom.
Employees faced similar problems with benefits.
Several employees say they had their insurance denied on visits to the doctor and were unable to pick up prescriptions. Others were charged for insurance they did not select, a source said. Two people recalled a top site editor having their newborn child go weeks without health-insurance benefits.
Narisetti acknowledged that payroll and benefit issues had been a source of anxiety for the staff, telling Business Insider that the company "didn't have a plan B in place" when Gawker's HR team left en masse.
In an all-staff email sent in February that was provided to Business Insider, the CEO apologized and said GMG was working on the issues, though benefits and HR problems persisted to the point that the editorial union in April gave the company a one-month deadline to resolve them.
Heather DietrickHeather Dietrick, left, at the Fortune MPW Next Gen conference in Dana Point, California, 2016. Joe Scarnici/Getty Images for Fortune
"It has been an unexpectedly bumpy transition, to put it mildly," he wrote. "And I want to personally acknowledge and apologize on behalf of Univision, FMG and GMG, for all the stress and angst this is causing. Like all of you, I am also inclined to focus on our journalistic and business challenges than dissipate any of our time and energy on fighting internal issues. But we clearly need to get these internal issues in order and we will."
'Water down the Gawker spirit'
For its part, GMG has made explicit attempts to continue Gawker's history of provocative investigations.
Cook — who moved from executive editor to oversee the special-projects desk — oversees a team primarily made up of former Gawker writers.
He told Nieman Lab last month that the creation of the investigations unit "sort of offset the loss of Gawker" by continuing to pursue provocative investigations, such as showing it to be quite easy to spear-phish top government officials.
When Peter Thiel killed Gawker he forgot to kill its brains: https://t.co/AAVLP1AQo5
— Jack Shafer (@jackshafer) May 17, 2017
"From a distance, it seems like the acquirer values the investigative journalism from John Cook and his team," Denton, the Gawker founder, told Business Insider in an email when asked about the merger. "I'm glad to see Univision's support for investigative journalism at Gizmodo."
But GMG staffers are also having to adjust to a new environment under heightened internal legal scrutiny.
Stories have also had to clear higher legal barriers in a way that some employees feel is overly cautious and almost distrustful of the sites' aggressive, provocative journalism but that the company says is the standard operating procedure for most major media organizations.
According to employees with knowledge of the process, staff members on the special-projects desk are required to get the company's legal team to sign off on any story they write, even basic blog posts with no original reporting, and still have no official website months after launching, negotiating with other GMG sites about which site might best host an investigation.
Four current and former employees said the legal team was very cautious of publishing exclusives about Thiel's personal life and intentionally slowed reporting related to the tech billionaire, who financially supported the lawsuit that bankrupted Gawker.
In an email to members in June obtained by Business Insider, the editorial union said it unsuccessfully tried to remove a non-disparagement clause from separation agreements. Non-disparagement clauses are commonplace in separation agreements, but some employees have taken them as a sign of hostility from management to staff.
Staffers say they were similarly infuriated by the company's decision to remove controversial posts tied up in litigation and, without an official company policy, fear that it could happen again.
"It was extremely difficult to watch Univision's lawyer decline the opportunity to defend their own colleagues' work against a malicious legal attack," one GMG employee told Business Insider. "People are absolutely concerned that Univision will try to remove posts in the future."
FMG and GMG managers have also shied away at points from easy opportunities to hat-tip Gawker's legacy.
When in February staffers tried to host a public screening of "Nobody Speak: Trails of the Free Press," a documentary about Gawker's battle with Hogan, Narisetti, upon consulting with Univision executives, vetoed the proposal, eventually allowing only a private, staff-only screening of the film.
In an email praising the "rich, collective past/legacy" of Gawker, Narisetti noted that the company implemented a policy of not engaging in discussions or debates on Gawker Media estate issues.
"We continue to face some ongoing business challenges around effectively communicating the premise and promise of the new GMG/FMG, and to keep moving ahead in 2017, as we continue to still be hobbled by some (diminishing) past business perceptions," he wrote. "That is somewhat relevant in this particular context — though quite secondary to the company policy of not discussing Gawker issues — as a public forum/panel around the movie, hosted by FMG/GMG, can easily and unnecessarily add to that ongoing challenge."
raju narisettiGMG CEO Raju Narisetti in an interview with RJI Futures Lab. RJI Futures Lab
'That was a rough six months'
Narisetti argued that the hardest part of the transition was behind GMG.
Several employees who lamented the mess of payroll and benefits said that since the company brought on a new HR representative last month, fewer problems had spilled out into the open.
The company, too, has prepared to begin seriously building out the GMG properties for the first time since the merger.
Fusion, which confusingly ceded its Fusion.net domain last month to the Fusion television channel, is set to relaunch with a new domain name in June.
In addition to a parenting site it launched last week, according to one source, the company plans to launch at least three new sites. (Narisetti hinted at food, music, and the environment, though Business Insider could not confirm the details.)
The Univision-owned AV Club and Onion websites are expected to migrate over to Kinja during the slower summer months, creating one universal content-management system and allowing the company to increase revenue by selling the entire package of sites to advertisers as a whole.
"My view is that we look back next year and say, 'That was a rough six months,'" Narisetti said. "Our journalism has held out, we're producing great stories. I use the famous Ronald Reagan line, which is, 'If you're committing acts of journalism at GMG, are you better off today than you were seven months ago?' I think almost everybody will have to answer the question 'yes.'"
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How Apple’s Siri will soon help you make payments and track personal finances

At WWDC this week, we learned about many ways Apple plans to make Siri smarter, many of which will have to do with your money. Starting with iOS 11, Siri will be able to help you complete money transfers, as well as help you stay on top of your checking, savings, and credit card accounts.
“Users will now be able to transfer money from one account to another or search for account information,” said Sirikit engineer Sirisha Yerroju about changes coming to the public with release of iOS 11 scheduled out this fall. “If the user wants to know more about each account, you can just click on any of the items to get a detailed view. Search for account intent not just shows all the accounts but can also be used to provide specific account information.”
The ability to search for and pay bills with Siri was added with version 10.3 of Siri, while send and request payment functionality came last fall with iOS 10.
Yerroju spoke in a session Wednesday titled “What’s New With Sirikit?” to go into greater detail on Siri updates first mentioned in the opening keynote address.
Some of the changes coming to Siri were first announced onstage during the keynote address Monday, such as the ability to do on-the-spot translations, personalized recommendations in native apps within iOS 11 like Safari, Maps, and News, and both male and female versions of the assistant will get a more expressive voice.
Other Siri-related announcements made during the keynote address include the arrival of HomePod, Apple’s answer to smart speakers like Google Home or Amazon Echo, and a Siri theme is coming to the Apple Watch (ICYMI, here’s everything Apple announced at WWDC).
Payments with Siri isn’t entirely new. The ability to send or request payments with Siri was initially introduced last fall with the release of iOS 10. What’s new and coming with iOS 11 is the ability to interact with apps that scan QR codes for payments.
A QR code scanner will live in the native camera on iOS 11, which can be used for payments and social media contact codes like the kinds seen from Snapchat or Facebook Messenger.
With iOS 11, Siri will also be able to recognize account nicknames and talk with a user about things like credit card reward points.
Beyond the addition of banking category intents, Siri will now be able to do a lot more with lists and reminders, including the ability to create reminders based on time and location. Say “Remind me to print the slides when I get to work” and Siri will remind you when you are physically standing at your job.
“We’ve added all the apis to ensure users can edit, create, manage their lists and notes and reminders, not just that, but also users will be able to search in their lists and notes.”
Siri will be able to search for lists and reminders based on things like content type, location, title, and date and time.
Also coming soon: Developers will be able to customize cards generated by Siri that’s let’s people interact with an app.

Above: Examples of customized interactive cards developers will be able to create for iOS 11
Apple’s focus on finances at WWDC comes after both Google and Microsoft brought payments to their voice apps, and a rush of activity by chat app platforms to enable payments.
Apple Pay for peer-to-peer payments are coming to iMessage this fall. Also on the way in iOS 11 or later is Business Chat for iMessage, which customers can use to contact and interact with businesses. Apple Pay will also be able to handle transactions in Business Chat.